PADRE to PAGODA
PADRE, s. A priest, clergyman, or minister, of the Christian Religion; when applied by natives to their
own priests, as it sometimes is when they speak to Europeans, this is only by way of accommodation,
as church is also sometimes so used by them.
The word has been taken up from the Portuguese, and
was of course applied originally to Roman Catholic priests only. But even in that respect there was a
peculiarity in its Indian use among the Portuguese. For P. della Valle (see below) notices it as a singularity
of their practice at Goa that they gave the title of Padre to secular priests, whereas in Italy this was
reserved to the religiosi or regulars. In Portugal itself, as Bluteaus explanation shows, the use is, or
was formerly, the same as in Italy; but, as the first ecclesiastics who went to India were monks, the name
apparently became general among the Portuguese there for all priests.
It is a curious example of the
vitality of words that this one which had thus already in the 16th century in India a kind of abnormally
wide application, has now in that country a still wider, embracing all Christian ministers. It is applied
to the Protestant clergy at Madras early in the 18th century. A bishop is known as Lord (see LAT)
padre. See LAT Sahib.
According to Leland the word is used in China in the form pa-ti-li.
1541.Chegando á Porta de Igreja, o sahirãao a receber oito Padres.Pinto, ch. lxix. (see Cogan,
1584.It was the will of God that we found there two Padres, the one an English-man, and
the other a Flemming.Fitch, in Hakl. ii. 381.
had it not pleased God to put it into the minds of the
archbishop and other two Padres of Jesuits of S. Pauls Colledge to stand our friends, we might have
rotted in prison.Newberrie, ibid. ii. 380.
c. 1590.Learned monks also come from Europe, who go
by the name of Pádre. They have an infallible head called Pápá. He can change any religious ordinances
as he may think advisable, and kings have to submit to his authority.Badaoni, in Blochmanns Ain,
c. 1606.Et ut adesse Patres comperiunt, minor exclamat Padrigi, Padrigi, id est Domine
Pater, Christianus sum.Jarric, iii. 155.
1614.The Padres make a church of one of their Chambers,
where they say Masse twice a day.W. Whittington, in Purchas, i. 486.
1616.So seeing Master Terry
whom I brought with me, he (the King) called to him, Padre you are very welcome, and this house
is yours.Sir T. Roe, in Purchas, i. 564; [Hak. Soc. ii. 385].
1623.I Portoghesi chiamano anche i
preti secolari padri come noi i religiosi
P. della Valle, ii. 586; [Hak. Soc. i. 142].
Jogis) are impertinent enough to compare themselves with our Religious Men they meet with in the
Indies. I have often taken pleasure to catch them, using much ceremony with them, and giving them
great respect; but I soon heard them say to one another, This Franguis knows who we are, he hath
been a great while in the Indies, he knows that we are the Padrys of the Indians. A fine comparison,
said I, within myself, made by an impertinent and idolatrous rabble of Men!Bernier, E.T. 104; [ed. Constable,
1675.The Padre (or Minister) complains to me that he hath not that respect and place of preference
at Table and elsewhere that is due unto him.
At his request I promised to move it at ye next meeting of
ye Councell. What this little Sparke may enkindle, especially should it break out in ye Pulpit, I cannot
foresee further than the inflaming of ye dyning Roome Wch sometimes is made almost intollerable hot
upon other Accts.Mr. Puckles Diary at Metchlapatam, MS. in India Office.
1676.And whiles the
French have no settlement near hand, the keeping French Padrys here instead of Portugueses, destroys
the encroaching growth of the Portugall interest, who used to entail Portugalism as well as Christianity
on all their converts.Madras Consns., Feb. 29, in Notes and Exts. i. p. 46.
where as at the
Dedication of a New Church by the French Padrys and Portugez in 1675 guns had been fired from
the Fort in honour thereof, neither Padry nor Portugez appeared at the Dedication of our Church, nor
as much as gave the Governor a visit afterwards to give him joy of it.Ibid. Oct. 28. No. III. p. 37.
1692.But their greatest act of tyranny (at Goa) is this. If a subject of these misbelievers dies, leaving
young children, and no grown-up son, the children are considered wards of the State. They take them
to their places of worship, their churches
and the padris, that is to say the priests, instruct the children
in the Christian religion, and bring them up in their own faith, whether the child be a Mussulman saiyid
or a Hindú bráhman.Kháfi Khán, in Elliot, vii. 345.
1711.The Danish Padre Bartholomew Ziegenbalgh,
requests leave to go to Europe in the first ship, and in consideration that he is head of a Protestant Mission,
espoused by the Right Reverend the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury
we have presumed to grant him his
passage.In Wheeler, ii. 177.
1726.May 14. Mr. Leeke went with me to St. Thomass Mount.
conversed with an old Padre from Silesia, who had been 27 years in India.
Diary of the Missionary
Schultze (in Notices of Madras, &c., 1858), p. 14.
May 17 The minister of the King of Pegu called