PATTAMAR to PAWL
PATTAMAR, PATIMAR, &c. This word has two senses:
a. A foot-runner, a courier. In this use the word
occurs only in the older writers, especially Portuguese.
b. A kind of lateen-rigged ship, with one, two,
or three masts, common on the west coast. This sense seems to be comparatively modern. In both
senses the word is perhaps the Konkani path-mar, a courier. C. P. Brown, however, says that patta-
mar, applied to a vessel, is Malayal. signifying goose-wing. Molesworths Mahr. Dict. gives both patemari
and phatemari for a sort of swift-sailing vessel, a pattymar, with the etym. tidings-bringer. Patta
is tidings, but the second part of the word so derived is not clear. Sir. J. M. Campbell, who is very
accurate, in the Bo. Gazetteer writes of the vessel as patimar, though identifying, as we have done,
both uses with pathmar, courier. The Moslem, he says, write phatemari quasi fathh-mar, snake of
victory (?). [The Madras Gloss. gives Mal. pattamari, Tam. pattimar, from patar, Hind. tidings (not
in Platts), mari, Mahr. carrier.] According to a note in Notes and Extracts, No. 1 (Madras, 1871), p.
27, under a Ft. St. Geo. Consultation of July 4, 1673; Pattamar is therein used for a native vessel on
the Coromandel Coast, though now confined to the Western Coast. We suspect a misapprehension.
For in the following entry we have no doubt that the parenthetical gloss is wrong, and that couriers are
A letter sent to the President and Councell at Surratt by a Pair of Pattamars (native craft) express.
cit. No. ii. p. 8. [On this word see further Sir H. Yules note on Linschoten, Hak. Soc. ii. 165.]b.
But Lorenço de Brito, seeing things come to such a pass that certain Captains of the
King (of Cananor) with troops chased him to the gates, he wrote to the Viceroy of the position in which
he was by Patamares, who are men that make great journeys by land.De Barros, II. i. 5.
occurs repeatedly in Correa, Lendas, e.g. III. i. 108, 149, &c.
There are others that are called
Patamares, which serue onlie for Messengers or Posts, to carie letters from place to place by land in
winter-time when men cannot travaile by sea.Linschoten, 78; [Hak. Soc. i. 260, and see ii. 165].
eight and twentieth, a Pattemar told that the Governor was a friend to us only in shew, wishing
the Portugalls in our roome; for we did no good in the Country, but brought Wares which they were
forced to buy.
Roger Hawes, in Purchas, i. 605.
[1616.The Patamar (for so in this country they
call poor footmen that are letter-bearers).
Foster, Letters, iv. 227.]
1666.Tranquebar, qui est eloigné
de Saint Thomé de cinq journées dun Courier à pié, quon appelle Patamar.Thevenot, v. 275.
a months Stay here a Patamar (a Foot Post) from Fort St. George made us sensible of the
Dutch being gone from thence to Ceylon.Fryer, 36.
[1684.The Pattamars that went to Codaloor
by reason of the deepness of the Rivers were forced to Return.
Pringle, Diary Ft. St. Geo. 1st ser. iii.
1689.A Pattamar, i.e. a Foot Messenger, is generally employd to carry them (letters) to the
remotest Bounds of the Empire.Ovington, 251.
1705.Un Patemare qui est un homme du Pais; cest
ce que nous appellons un exprès.
1758.Yesterday returned a Pattamar or express to
our Jew merchant from Aleppo, by the way of the Desert.
c. 1760.Between Bombay and
Surat there is a constant intercourse preserved, not only by sea
but by Pattamars, or foot-messengers
overland.Grose, i. 119. This is the last instance we have met of the word in this sense, which is now
quite unknown to Englishmen.
Escrevia que hum barco pequeno, dos que chamam patamares, se meteria.
do P. F. Xavier, 185.
[1822.About 12 oclock on the same night they embarked in Paddimars for
Cochin.Wallace, Fifteen Years, 206.]
1834.A description of the Patamárs, with a plate, is given in
Mr. John Edyes paper on Indian coasting vessels, in vol. i. of the R. As. Soc. Journal.
the vessels at anchor lie the dows (see DHOW) of the Arabs, the petamares of Malabar, and the dhoneys
(see DONEY) of Coromandel.Tennents Ceylon, ii. 103.
PATTELLO, PATELLEE, s. A large flat-bottomed boat on the Ganges; Hind. patela. [Mr. Grierson
gives among the Behar boats the pateli or pataili, also called in Saran katra, on which the boards
forming the sides overlap and are not joined edge to edge, with an illustration (Bihar Peasant Life, 42).]
[1680.The Patella; the boats that come down from Pattana with Saltpeeter or other goods, built of
an Exceeding Strength and are very flatt and burthensome.Yule, Hedges Diary, Hak. Soc. ii. 15.]
came to a great Godowne, where
this Nabobs Son has laid in a vast quantity of Salt, here we found